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History of technology
Please verify that you are not a robot. Would you also like to submit a review for this item? You already recently rated this item. Your rating has been recorded. Write a review Rate this item: 1 2 3 4 5. Preview this item Preview this item. McClellan III and Harold Dorn bestselling book argues that technology as "applied science" emerged relatively recently, as industry and governments began funding scientific research that would lead directly to new or improved technologies. McClellan and Dorn identify two great scientific traditions: the useful sciences, which societies patronized from time immemorial, and the exploration of questions about nature itself, which the ancient Greeks originated.
The authors examine scientific traditions that took root in China, India, and Central and South America, as well as in a series of Near Eastern empires in late antiquity and the Middle Ages. From this comparative perspective, McClellan and Dorn survey the rise of the West, the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century, the Industrial Revolution, and the modern marriage of science and technology.
Social involvement in technological advances
They trace the development of world science and technology today while raising provocative questions about the sustainability of industrial civilization. This new edition of Science and Technology in World History offers an enlarged thematic introduction and significantly extends its treatment of industrial civilization and the technological supersystem built on the modern electrical grid. The Internet and social media receive increased attention. Facts and figures have been thoroughly updated and the work includes a comprehensive Guide to Resources, incorporating the major published literature along with a vetted list of websites and Internet resources for students and lay readers.
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Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Reviews Editorial reviews. Publisher Synopsis The book provides an excellent overview of world science and technology for readers at any level User-contributed reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Be the first.
Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Technology -- History. Tool and die makers -- History. Tool and die makers. Naturwissenschaften Technik Verktygstillverkning -- historia. User lists with this item 1 January items by TaftCollegeLibrary updated Linked Data More info about Linked Data.
Origins to the End of Antiquity -- 1. Humankind emerges: tools and toolmakers -- 2. The reign of the farmer -- 3. Pharaohs and engineers -- 4. Greeks bearing gifts -- 5. Alexandria and after -- Part II. Thinking and Doing among the World's Peoples -- 6.
Science and Technology in World History: An Introduction by James E. McClellan
As the authors in this Special Section address, international law now also explicitly recognizes a right to water and to sanitation. Scientists and engineers have human rights : these rights include the freedom to associate with others in their profession, to conduct research responsibly , to access and communicate scientific information, to move within and outside their country, and to cooperate internationally.
Whether in their attempts to prohibit publication of information about the HIV virus, the silencing of climate scientists or persecution of medical doctors providing care to anti-government protesters, both open democracies and repressive regimes have demonstrated their capacity to violate these rights, sometimes in the name of national security, to protect elites or to silence politically embarrassing or uncomfortable truths. Science and technology can be applied for human rights purposes : since at least the s scientists and engineers have been developing and applying tools and methods that have strengthened human rights work, unearthing new truths, validating findings and providing the credibility of robust empirical data to support claims.
Examples include the analysis of geospatial images to document mass human rights violations in remote or dangerous parts of the world, soil and water contamination analysis to determine the human rights impacts of mining on local communities, and the forensic examination of video evidence of chemical weapons attacks.
The conduct of science and the applications of science and technology can have negative human rights implications : following the atrocities of the Second World War, concerted efforts have been made through legal proscription and institutional oversight mechanisms to ensure against unethical practices and human rights violations perpetrated by scientists, engineers and health professionals.
Yet, examples persist of the practice and applications of science and technology negatively impacting human rights. Emerging technologies, including those with dual military and civilian uses, are raising particular concerns and have sparked a debate about the ethical responsibilities of the scientists and engineers involved. International human rights law recognizes a right to science : the right, as articulated in the ICESCR and described above, has important implications for the scientific endeavor, including education, funding, and peer-review, as well as for access of the general public to scientific information and products.
Scientists and engineers can be a constituency for human rights : from the American Association for the Advancement of Science to the Committee of Concerned Scientists, Physicians for Human Rights and the International Council for Science, increasingly scientists and engineers are bringing their voices to human rights issues of relevance to their work and discipline, not just as individuals with a personal passion for human rights, but as members of large professional and scholarly societies that recognize a role for scientists and engineers in human rights.
Together the papers and commentaries in this Special Section highlight two trends that have dovetailed to encourage new partnerships between the scientific and human rights communities. Advocates for evidence-based policies to protect human rights have increasingly looked to empirical evidence as an important part of their documentation and monitoring efforts.
At the same time, scientists and engineers have become more aware of the important social implications of their work and the ways in which a rights-based approach can increase the impact of their research. The paper and commentary authors see this trend continuing in the context of transnational efforts, such as the United Nations post development framework, as well as the increasing attention to economic, social and cultural rights.
The authors also emphasize the challenges involved in implementing global norms as local policy and recommend that these partnerships be more inclusive of the communities affected by human rights concerns. The experiences of those involved in articulating the right to water and sanitation provide an important foundation for future efforts to take advantage of the five connections between science, technology and human rights.
- Lost Illusions: The Politics of Publishing in Nineteenth-Century France (Harvard Historical Studies);
- Science and Technology in World History: An Introduction by James E. McClellan.
- Introducing History and Philosophy of Science | Undergraduate study | HPS.
- Introduction to the History of Technology | Science, Technology, and Society | MIT OpenCourseWare.
American Association for the Advancement of Science Skip to main content Skip to sections. Advertisement Hide. Download PDF. Editorial First Online: 31 January A History of Shared Values The links between science and human rights go back at least as far as the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century—when the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was adopted. Based on the aforementioned international treaties, it is possible to discern at least five connections between science, technology and human rights: 1.
The human right to water: The importance of domestic and productive water rights. Science and Engineering Ethics,. Google Scholar. Marks, S.